Kia Sedona: Compression Test - Engine Mechanical System - Kia Sedona YP Service ManualKia Sedona: Compression Test

Third generation YP (2014-2021) / Kia Sedona YP Service Manual / Engine Mechanical System / Compression Test

Compression Pressure Inspection
   
If there is lack of power, excessive oil consumption or poor fuel economy, measure the compression pressure.
1.
Warm up the engine to the normal operating temperature [80-95°C (176-203°F)].
2.
Remove the surge tank.
(Refer to Intake And Exhaust System - "Surge Tank")
3.
Remove the ignition coils.
(Refer to Engine Electrical System - "Ignition Coil")
4.
Remove the spark plugs.
(Refer to Engine Electrical System - "Spark Plug")
5.
Check cylinder compression pressure.
(1)
Insert a compression gauge into the spark plug hole.
(2)
Fully open the throttle.
(3)
Crank the engine over 7 times to measure compression pressure.
   
Always use a fully charged battery to obtain engine speed of 250 rpm or more.
(4)
Repeat steps 1) to 3) for each cylinder.
   
This measurement should be taken as promptly as possible.

Compression pressure :
1,029kPa (10.5kgf/cm², 149psi) (250~400 rpm)
Minimum pressure :
882kPa (9.0kgf/cm², 128psi)
Difference between each cylinder :
98kPa (1.0kg/cm², 14psi) or less

(5)
If the cylinder compression in 1 or more cylinders is low, pour a small amount of engine oil into the cylinder through the spark plug hole and repeat steps 1) to 3) for cylinders with low compression.
a.
If adding oil helps the compression, it is likely that the piston rings and/or cylinder bore are worn or damaged.
b.
If pressure stays low, a valve may be sticking or seating is improper, or there may be leakage past the gasket.
6.
Reinstall the spark plugs.
(Refer to Engine Electrical System - "Spark Plug")
7.
Install the ignition coils and ignition connectors.
(Refer to Engine Electrical System - "Ignition Coil")
8.
Install the surge tank.
(Refer to Intake And Exhaust System - "Surge Tank")
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